The Ranthambore National Park, located in Sawai Madhopur – one of the historical districts of Rajasthan, holds a prominent place in the wildlife tourism in the world. Nestled lazily in the foothills of the magnificent hilly terrain of Aravali and Vindhya ranges, the park is the fantastic gateway to an adventure-filled holiday amidst the raw nature along with an unforgettable sighting of exotic wild animals. Witnessing such a rich and exceptional wildlife and spending time in the tranquil ambiance of a forest is like a tryst with the might of Nature. Rendezvous with the most brutal and beautiful predator our Nature has ever produced, the Royal Bengal Tiger, is a once in a lifetime of experience.
The Ranthambore National Park wraps around 392 sq km of which 282 sq km is a core area and the rest is a buffer area. The tiger reserve zone of the Ranthambore forest which was constituted in 1973, initially spread in around 334 sq km area which further extended in 1991 to the adjacent sanctuaries of Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary and Keladevi Sanctuary, currently having 1334 sq km area as a tiger reserve. In the year 1955, this renowned forest was constituted as the Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary with the status of a wildlife sanctuary and included in the project tiger, a Govt of India initiative to save endangered Tiger species, in 1973. The Ranthambore tiger reserve forest is given the National Park status in 1980 and the adjacent forests were named the Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary and Keladevi Sanctuary in 1984. Sprinkled with a few of the ultimate ancient structures, the Ranthambore National Park is the visual amalgamation of the prehistoric era and the modern era amidst the beauty of the exotic landscape.
The numerous lakes, water channels, and water holes that are scattered in the park not only offer tourists an amazing sight but also nourish the flora and fauna of the region. The mighty Ranthambore fort from which the forest drew its name is located on the hill and leans over the Ranthambore Park overlooking the entire forest. Several ancient ruins which are spread around the forest present a spectacular, surprising, and stupendous taste of history, wildlife, and nature.
The Ranthambore National Park is highly popular among wildlife tourists due to the forest safari offered by the park administration to explore the rich flora and fauna while being a part of it. The majestic Tigers can be seen in the daytime as they don’t get scared by the presence of Jeeps and humans in their natural habitat. So, the experience of witnessing fearless tigers is indeed imaginary for tourists as this is how a real wild tiger actually behaves.
The Ranthambore National Park is undoubtedly a dreamland for any wildlife photographer and enthusiast. The Ranthambore National Park remains open all around the year except July to September as the park remains closed for three months due to the monsoon season. This park is a wonderful destination for wildlife lovers as it provides them an amazing opportunity to explore the best sights of jungle inhabitants. To make the tour to Ranthambore a pleasant experience, there is a range of accommodations from 5-star hotels and resorts to economical hotels are available nearby the park offering an aesthetic stay.
Ranthambore National Park spans on the plateau that gets very little rainfall around the year and due to this, the forest has not so dense greenery except near the water bodies. Also, the Ranthambore forest is a dry deciduous type of forest with undersized trees which shed their leaves in the summer season. Such an ecological arena makes this tiger reserve zone best for the safari tour as it is easier to spot a tiger here. Furthermore, the Ranthambore Tiger Reserve has 10 tourism zones with large networks of forest tracks, used for the safari tour, are motorable for most of the year. A good network of safari tracks provides a good opportunity of tracking a tiger or other wild animals from the Jeep or Canter. All these aspects of this forest offer you an excellent wildlife viewing experience which you will not find in any other wildlife reserve forest of the country.
The visibility is quite good in the forest due to the presence of small shrubby trees and thin patches of tall grasses, and one can spot a tiger even from a long distance by using the binoculars. Besides these, the tigers in the Ranthambore forest are diurnal, which means they used to roam or hunt in the daytime irrespective of the tigers in other places which are nocturnal, which means they hunt or roam in the night and rest in the day. Due to this, many incidents are reported by the safari tourist where they saw the complete hunting process of a tiger. The best thing about the Ranthambore tigers is that they are not shy of safari Jeeps and tourists. They fearlessly pass through or stay seated in rest just beside the safari Jeep providing you ample time to view this majestic predator to your heart’s content.
Also, the safari tracks in the Ranthambore tiger zones are preferably used by the tigers and they usually found walking or resting on the tracks. The tracks are covered with soft sands and soils, almost devoid of thorns, rocks, or dried leaves, so they are very comfortable to walk on as well as tigers can walk on tracks without making any sound while chasing their prey. That’s why tigers prefer the safari tracks and due to this tourists are bestowed with some amazing tiger sighting and even got the chance to be part of the rare view of a tiger chasing and hunting its prey. However, tiger sighting is a matter of luck, but most of the tourists get lucky in the Ranthambore tiger reserve forest.
The guides or naturists and the safari drivers are mostly local people who knew this forest since their childhood and have good knowledge of the tiger movement. By observing various signs of tiger movement, they can make a guess about the location of the presence of the tiger in the forest at that time. In short, they are well versed in trailing the tiger and able to find the tiger’s sight by their observation ability. They try their best to show you a glimpse of the royal Bengal tiger living in that area.
Mammals: 40 species
Birds: 320 species
Reptiles: 40 species
Amphibian: 02 species
Butterflies: 50 species
Vegetation: 300 species